N-Hydroxybenzimidazole as a structurally modifiable platform for N-oxyl radicals for direct C–H functionalization reactions†
Methods for direct functionalization of C–H bonds mediated by N-oxyl radicals constitute a powerful tool in modern organic synthesis. While several N-oxyl radicals have been developed to date, the lack of structural diversity for these species has hampered further progress in this field. Here we designed a novel class of N-oxyl radicals based on N-hydroxybenzimidazole, and applied them to the direct C–H functionalization reactions. The flexibly modifiable features of these structures enabled facile tuning of their catalytic performance. Moreover, with these organoradicals, we have developed a metal-free approach for the synthesis of acyl fluorides via direct C–H fluorination of aldehydes under mild conditions.