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Formicamycin biosynthesis involves a unique reductive ring contraction

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Abstract

Fasamycin natural products are biosynthetic precursors of the formicamycins. Both groups of compounds are polyketide natural products that exhibit potent antibacterial activity despite displaying different three-dimensional topologies. We show here that transformation of fasamycin into formicamycin metabolites requires two gene products and occurs via a novel two-step ring expansion-ring contraction pathway. Deletion of forX, encoding a flavin dependent monooxygenase, abolished formicamycin production and leads to accumulation of fasamycin E. Deletion of the adjacent gene forY, encoding a flavin dependent oxidoreductase, also abolished formicamycin biosynthesis and led to the accumulation of new lactone metabolites that represent Baeyer–Villiger oxidation products of the fasamycins. These results identify ForX as a Baeyer–Villiger monooxygenase capable of dearomatizing ring C of the fasamycins. Through in vivo cross feeding and biomimetic semi-synthesis experiments we showed that these lactone products represent biosynthetic intermediates that are reduced to formicamycins in a unique reductive ring contraction reaction catalyzed by ForY.

Graphical abstract: Formicamycin biosynthesis involves a unique reductive ring contraction

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 Mar 2020
Accepted
08 Jun 2020
First published
16 Jun 2020

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Edge Article

Formicamycin biosynthesis involves a unique reductive ring contraction

Z. Qin, R. Devine, T. J. Booth, E. H. E. Farrar, M. N. Grayson, M. I. Hutchings and B. Wilkinson, Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0SC01712D

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