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A robust photoluminescence screening assay identifies uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibitors against prostate cancer

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Abstract

Many cancers have developed resistance to 5-FU, due to removal by the enzyme uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), a type of base excision repair enzyme (BER) that can excise uracil and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) from DNA. However, the development of UDG inhibitor screening methods, especially for the rapid and efficient screening of natural product/natural product-like compounds, is still limited so far. We developed herein a robust time-resolved photoluminescence method for screening UDG inhibitors, which could significantly improve sensitivity over the screening method based on the conventional steady-state spectroscopy, reducing the substantial fluorescence background interference. As a proof-of-concept, two potential UDG inhibitors were identified from a database of natural products and approved drugs. Co-treatment of these two compounds with 5-FU showed synergistic cytotoxicity, providing the basis for treating drug-resistant cancers. Overall, this method provides an avenue for the rapid screening of small molecule regulators of other BER enzyme activities that can avoid false negatives arising from the background fluorescence.

Graphical abstract: A robust photoluminescence screening assay identifies uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibitors against prostate cancer

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Article information


Submitted
06 Nov 2019
Accepted
09 Jan 2020
First published
10 Jan 2020

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Edge Article

A robust photoluminescence screening assay identifies uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibitors against prostate cancer

G. Li, S. A. Henry, H. Liu, T. Kang, S. Nao, Y. Zhao, C. Wu, J. Jin, J. Zhang, C. Leung, P. Wai Hong Chan and D. Ma, Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9SC05623H

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