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Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths

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Abstract

The synthesis of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) has, to date, largely been in the form of crystalline powders. However, interest in different physical morphologies of this class of materials is growing. In this perspective, we provide an overview of the structure, properties and applications of MOF monoliths. In particular, we explore the complex synthetic landscapes associated with MOF crystallization and discuss the synthetic factors leading to the formation of MOF gels, i.e. the precursor to sol–gel MOF monoliths. Finally, we provide our thoughts on the future development of this field, and attempt to highlight the importance of the MOF gel state in the discovery of new functional materials.

Graphical abstract: Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2019, accepted on 13 Nov 2019 and first published on 14 Nov 2019


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C9SC04961D
Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
    All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

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    Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths

    J. Hou, A. F. Sapnik and T. D. Bennett, Chem. Sci., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9SC04961D

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