Supramolecular assembly of bent dinuclear amphiphilic alkynylplatinum(ii) terpyridine complexes: diverse nanostructures through subtle tuning of the mode of molecular stacking†
A new class of bent amphiphilic alkynylplatinum(II) terpyridine complexes was found to adopt different modes of molecular stacking to give diverse nanostructures. In chlorinated solvents, the complexes aggregate in the presence of water droplets and assist in the formation of porous networks, while in DMSO solutions, they self-assemble to give fibrous nanostructures. The complexes would adopt a head-to-tail tetragonal stacking arrangement, as revealed by X-ray crystallographic studies, computational studies and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies. Their self-assembly follows a cooperative growth mechanism in DMSO and an isodesmic growth mechanism in DMSO–H2O mixture. The balance between hydrophobic and hydrophilic components of the complex system, in conjunction with the nuclearity and the positioning of the substituents, are found to govern the mode of molecular stacking and the fabrication of precise functional nanostructures. This class of complexes serve as versatile building blocks to construct orderly packed molecular materials and functional materials in a well-controlled manner.