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Impact of arithmetic automaticity on students' success in second-semester general chemistry

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Abstract

Completion of a first-semester chemistry (Chem I) course lays the foundation for understanding second-semester chemistry (Chem II) topics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of basic arithmetic skills on students’ Chem II success in understanding mathematics-grounded concepts (e.g., solutions and aqueous reactions, kinetics, equilibrium, acids and bases, solubility and equilibria, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry). Previous studies suggest a strong correlation between arithmetic preparation and performance in general chemistry courses, though few have focused on the second-semester course. In this investigation, researchers from six higher-education institutions in Texas, USA of different sizes and with student bodies of different diversities have collaborated to determine whether the Math-Up Skills Test (MUST) is able to reliably identify at-risk students from a population of n = 1599 at the beginning of a Chem II course.

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Article information


Submitted
03 Jan 2020
Accepted
06 May 2020
First published
14 May 2020

Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Impact of arithmetic automaticity on students' success in second-semester general chemistry

C. B. Powell, J. Simpson, V. M. Williamson, A. Dubrovskiy, D. R. Walker, B. Jang, G. R. Shelton and D. Mason, Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0RP00006J

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