Quinazoline-Schiff base conjugates: in silico study and ADMET predictions as multi-target inhibitors of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) proteins
The 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is spreading worldwide, with a dramatic increase in death without any effective therapeutic treatment available up to now. We previously reported quinazoline-trihydroxyphenyl Schiff base conjugates as phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE 4B) inhibitors (an enzyme that plays an essential role in the early stages of COVID-19 pneumonia). Additionally, the structural similarity between these conjugates and identified anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-coronavirus (CoV)-2 flavonoids inspired us to in silico study their possible binding interactions with essential SARS-CoV-2 proteins. Thus, this study provides an insight into the potential bindings between quinazoline-Schiff base conjugates and SARS-CoV-2 proteins, including spike glycoprotein (SGp), main protease (Mpro) and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), to offer an opportunity to find an effective therapy. Besides this, based on the role that COVID-19 plays in iron dysmetabolism, the conjugate trihydroxyphenyl moiety should be reconsidered as an iron chelator. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations of quinazoline derivative Ic bound to the mentioned targets were carried out. Finally, ADMET calculations were performed for the studied compounds to predict their pharmacokinetic profiles.