Theoretical study on aromatic and open-shell characteristics of carbon nanobelts composed of indeno[1,2-b]fluorene units: dependence on the number of units and charge states†
In this study, we theoretically investigate the aromatic and open-shell characteristics of carbon nanobelts (CNBs) composed of five- and six-membered rings. We have designed nanobelts composed of indeno[1,2-b]fluorene ([1,2-b]IF) units, which are referred to as [N]IF-CNB (N: the number of five-membered rings). The number of π-electrons, nπ, in neutral [N]IF-CNB is 7N, and thus depending on N and charge states, nπ can be 4n + 2 and 4n. Quantum chemical calculations on neutral IF-CNB and IF-CNB and dicationic IF-CNB2+ have revealed that they are expected to exhibit unique aromatic and open-shell characteristics depending on nπ, there are several analogies of the electronic structures in [N]IF-CNB to those in [N]annulene. Delocalized and intermediate open-shell electronic structures of [N]IF-CNB are also useful to drastically change the third-order nonlinear optical properties. These results suggest that theoretically designed [N]IF-CNB can be attractive and challenging targets of organic synthesis for realizing novel open-shell functional conjugated macrocycles.