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A Z-scheme ZnIn2S4/Nb2O5 nanocomposite: constructed and used as an efficient bifunctional photocatalyst for H2 evolution and oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

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Abstract

A bifunctional ZnIn2S4/Nb2O5 (ZIS/NbO) photocatalyst was constructed by growing Nb2O5 nanospheres on the petals of ZnIn2S4 microspheres via a facile hydrothermal approach. The composite possessed a direct Z-scheme heterostructure that was confirmed by in situ irradiated X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ISI-XPS) and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements. Owing to the good charge separation efficiency in the Z-scheme system, the lifetime of charge carriers in ZIS/NbO was obviously prolonged. Thus, the rate of hydrogen evolution for optimized ZIS/NbO was 2.8 and 1.8 times higher than that of Nb2O5 and ZnIn2S4, respectively. Furthermore, the ZIS/NbO also showed good performance for the oxidation of biomass-derived intermediate 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to value-added products. More importantly, the coupled photocatalytic H2 reduction and HMF oxidation were achieved on the ZIS/NbO Z-scheme heterostructure at the same time. Due to the presence of a direct Z-scheme heterojunction that prevents the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes in the composite, the ZIS/NbO displayed excellent photocatalytic performance. Our findings are expected to offer a broad optical window for fabricating bifunctional heterostructured composites for coupled photocatalytic reduction and oxidation.

Graphical abstract: A Z-scheme ZnIn2S4/Nb2O5 nanocomposite: constructed and used as an efficient bifunctional photocatalyst for H2 evolution and oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Sep 2019, accepted on 04 Nov 2019 and first published on 05 Nov 2019


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C9QI01196J
Inorg. Chem. Front., 2020, Advance Article

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    A Z-scheme ZnIn2S4/Nb2O5 nanocomposite: constructed and used as an efficient bifunctional photocatalyst for H2 evolution and oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

    Y. Wang, X. Kong, M. Jiang, F. Zhang and X. Lei, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9QI01196J

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