Enzyme-mediated reversible deactivation radical polymerization for functional materials: principles, synthesis, and applications
The rigid image of enzymes is a serious hindrance to the applications of this kind of amazing natural products. In this article, the novel strategies in applying enzymes in the field of reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP) are discussed. The comprehensive principles and synthesis procedures in realizing RDRP with high selectivity, high efficiency, and specificity are summarized. Novel processes in accomplishing enzyme-mediated RDRP by changing the reaction conditions and the environments, accelerating the process of reaction, strengthening the control of product structures and performances were presented. These co-operations in harmony under the condition of limited monomer was assumed to be efficient methods to produce multifunctional polymers with precisely-controlled structures. We believe this work will have wide interest for readers in the fields of materials science, polymer science, biomedical engineering, and nanotechnology, and it will be helpful for designing and creating novel polymer and enzyme-based materials for advanced applications.