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Issue 3, 2020
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1 : 1 alternating and 1 : 2 sequence-controlled radical copolymerization of 1,3-pentadiene isomers with maleic anhydride/N-phenylalkyl maleimide

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Abstract

The competition between the Diels–Alder cycloaddition and the sequence-controlled radical copolymerization of maleic anhydride/N-phenylalkyl maleimide (MAH/NPMI) with 1,3-pentadiene (PD) isomers was investigated. The copolymerization behavior significantly depended on the isomer conformation as well as the feeding ratio, leading to the formation of AB-alternating and AAB-periodic (2 : 1 sequence-controlled) copolymers with Mn values up to 105 g mol−1 under mild conditions. The sequence-controlled radical copolymerization mechanism was discussed based on the “bond-forming initiation theory” via the key tetramethylene-intermediate, which is in agreement with the results of the kinetics analysis and the microstructure analysis determined by NMR. The suggested mechanism involved the formation of a π-allyl-2-hexene 1,6-diradical formed by the reaction of s-trans PD with MAH, which initiates the MAH-CP alternating copolymerization.

Graphical abstract: 1 : 1 alternating and 1 : 2 sequence-controlled radical copolymerization of 1,3-pentadiene isomers with maleic anhydride/N-phenylalkyl maleimide

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Article information


Submitted
01 Nov 2019
Accepted
08 Dec 2019
First published
09 Dec 2019

Polym. Chem., 2020,11, 675-681
Article type
Communication

1 : 1 alternating and 1 : 2 sequence-controlled radical copolymerization of 1,3-pentadiene isomers with maleic anhydride/N-phenylalkyl maleimide

K. Liu, M. Sun, F. Xie, C. Hu, Z. Yang, A. Li, J. Xia, X. Qiu, X. Wang and H. Deng, Polym. Chem., 2020, 11, 675
DOI: 10.1039/C9PY01642B

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