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310 nm UV-LEDs attenuate imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin lesions in C57BL/6 mice and inhibit IL-22-induced STAT3 expression in HaCaT cells

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Abstract

Ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) are a novel light source for phototherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of UV-LEDs on psoriasis. Importantly, 310 nm UV-LEDs have not been studied in psoriasis in vitro and in vivo. Effects due to 310 nm UV-LED and 311 nm narrowband ultraviolet B (NBUVB) irradiation were compared for suppressing IL-22-induced activation of STAT3 expression using cell viability assay, western blotting, and immunocytochemistry. C57BL/6 mice were topically treated with imiquimod (IMQ) for 6 consecutive days and degenerative changes were observed. Test groups were irradiated with a 310 nm UV-LED and 311 nm NBUVB. Phenotypic observations, histopathological examinations, and ELISA were conducted with skin and blood samples. STAT3-dependent IL-22 signalling and effects in keratinocytes are negatively regulated by the 310 nm UV-LED, which significantly ameliorated IMQ-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis development and reduced Th17 cytokine levels (IL-17A, IL-22) in serum and dorsal skin. Histopathological findings showed decreases in epidermal thickness and inflammatory T-cell infiltration in the UV-LED-irradiated groups. Quantitative PCR confirmed a UV radiation energy-dependent decrease in IL-17A and IL-22 mRNA levels. The results demonstrated that UV-LEDs had anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. So, UV-LED phototherapy inhibits psoriasis development by suppressing STAT3 protein and inflammatory cytokines and could be useful in treating psoriasis.

Graphical abstract: 310 nm UV-LEDs attenuate imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin lesions in C57BL/6 mice and inhibit IL-22-induced STAT3 expression in HaCaT cells

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Article information


Submitted
12 Nov 2019
Accepted
07 Apr 2020
First published
14 Apr 2020

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

310 nm UV-LEDs attenuate imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin lesions in C57BL/6 mice and inhibit IL-22-induced STAT3 expression in HaCaT cells

T. Kwon, S. Lee, J. H. Kim, Y. Na Jang, S. Kim, S. K. Mun, C. W. Kim, J. Na and B. J. Kim, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9PP00444K

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