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Issue 8, 2020
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Quantification of cooperativity in the self-assembly of H-bonded rosettes

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Abstract

The self-assembly of triaminopyrimidines with barbiturates and with cyanates was investigated in chloroform solution. Equimolar mixtures of two complementary components form stable macrocyclic 3 : 3 complexes (rosettes). The thermodynamics of self-assembly were quantified by using 1H NMR titrations to measure the strength of pairwise H-bonding interactions between two rosette components (K), allosteric cooperativity associated with formation of a second H-bonding interaction with each component, and the effective molarity for cyclisation of the rosette motif (EM). Pyrimidine–cyanurate interactions are an order of magnitude more favourable than pyrimidine–barbiturate interactions, so the cyanurate rosettes are significantly more stable than barbiturate rosettes. There is no allosteric cooperativity associated with rosette formation, but the chelate cooperativity quantified by the product K EM is exceptionally high (102–104), indicating that there are no other species present that compete with rosette assembly. The values of EM for rosette formation are approximately 2 M for all four rosettes studied and are not affected by differences in peripheral substituents or intrinsic H-bond strength.

Graphical abstract: Quantification of cooperativity in the self-assembly of H-bonded rosettes

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Supplementary files

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Submitted
13 Jan 2020
Accepted
11 Feb 2020
First published
17 Feb 2020

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2020,18, 1602-1606
Article type
Paper

Quantification of cooperativity in the self-assembly of H-bonded rosettes

P. Motloch and C. A. Hunter, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2020, 18, 1602
DOI: 10.1039/D0OB00068J

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