Determination of biocatalytic parameters of a copper radical oxidase using real-time reaction progress monitoring†
An Auxiliary Activity Family 5 (AA5) copper-radical alcohol oxidase (AlcOx) with promiscuous activity towards simple alkyl and aromatic alcohols was evaluated using real-time reaction progress monitoring. Reaction kinetics using variable time normalization analysis (VTNA) were determined from reaction progress curves. By this approach, a detailed view of the entire reaction time course under various conditions was obtained and used to identify parameters that will inform further process optimization development. Optimal activity was found impacted by several factors, including reaction pH, oxygen saturation, and the source of a co-oxidant, either HRP or a chemical alternative, potassium ferricyanide. Analysis of reaction progress curves demonstrated that reaction stalling occurred as a result of oxygen depletion and from a loss of enzyme activity over time. The cooperativity between AlcOx, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), and catalase that result in enhanced reactivity was explored, with reaction pH being identified as a key factor for optimal activity. The results show that a process with HRP is more robust than with potassium ferricyanide, but that both oxidants likely activate AlcOx by a similar mechanism. The phenomenon of product inhibition was investigated for representative reactants, revealing that reaction inhibition was more significant for butyraldehyde than for benzaldehyde. Our analysis suggests that this is linked to the greater proportion in which butyraldehyde exists in the hydrated form.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical biology in OBC