Biomimetic total syntheses of baefrutones A–D, baeckenon B, and frutescones A, D–F
A biomimetic total syntheses of baefrutones A−D (1−4), baeckenon B (5), and frutescones A, D–F (6−9), isolated from the leaves of Baeckea frutescens, were achieved in 9, 8, and 5 steps, respectively, in moderate to good yields (72−83%). The synthetic routes feature the Michael addition, oxidative [4 + 2] cycloaddition, and water-promoted Diels-Alder click reaction as key steps. This study thoroughly gained mechanistic insights into the biosynthetic origins and provided a facile approach for the construction of a library of natural tasmanone-based meroterpenoid analogues. Moreover, compounds 1–9 show potent inhibitory eﬀects against S. paratyphi and/or C. albicans with MIC values of 3.125−25 μg/mL, and they could be promising lead molecules for the design of new antibiotic agent.