Full-visible transmissive metagratings with large angle/wavelength/polarization tolerance†
Metagratings have been shown to form an agile and efficient platform for extreme wavefront manipulation, going beyond the limitations of gradient metasurfaces. Here, we present all-dielectric transmissive metagratings with high diffraction efficiencies using simple rectangular inclusions with neither high index nor high aspect ratio requirement. We further experimentally demonstrate continuous phase encoding of a hologram based on such transmissive metagratings through displacement modulation of CMOS-compatible silicon nitride nanobars in the full visible range, manifesting broadband and wide-angle high diffraction efficiencies for both polarizations. Featured with extreme angle/wavelength/polarization tolerance and alleviated structural complexity for both design and fabrication, our demonstration unlocks the full potential of metagrating-based wavefront manipulation for a variety of practical applications.