Electrochemical coating of different conductive polymers on diverse plasmonic metal nanocrystals
Conductive polymers are attracting much attention for realizing active plasmonics on conventional static plasmonic nanostructures because of their variable dielectric functions. Combining organic conductive polymers with inorganic plasmonic nanostructures allows for the creation of active devices, such as active metasurfaces, reconfigurable metalenses and dynamic plasmonic holography. However, the complexity of such combination, together with the poor control in polymer thickness and morphology, has limited the advancement of active plasmonics. Herein we report on the electrochemical coating of conductive polymers on pre-grown metal nanocrystals. Robust control of the polymer thickness and morphology is accomplished through the variation of the applied electrochemical potential. Various types of conductive polymers are coated on different metal nanocrystals, including Au, Pd and Pt. Active plasmonic color switching and H2O2 sensing are demonstrated with polyaniline-coated Au nanorods.