Predicted 2D ferromagnetic Janus VSeTe monolayer with high Curie temperature, large valley polarization and magnetic crystal anisotropy†
The development of two-dimensional (2D) intrinsic ferromagnetic semiconductors is urgent in the spintronic field. Motivated by the recent experiments on the successful synthetization of monolayer (ML) Janus transition-metal dichalcogenides (MoSSe) and ferromagnetic (FM) VSe2, a highly stable ML Janus 2H-VSeTe is fabricated by density functional theory and confirmed by a global minimum search. The Janus VSeTe shows a large valley polarization of 158 meV as the space- and time-reversal symmetry is broken. The VSeTe shows FM order with Curie temperature (Tc) of 350 K and a sizable magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) of −8.54 erg cm−2. The high Tc and large valley polarization suggest the 2D Janus VSeTe is a promising magnetic material for potential applications in electronics, spintronics, and valleytronics.