Origin of the luminescence spectra width in perovskite nanocrystals with surface passivation†
Though halide perovskite nanocrystal (PeNC) based blue light emitting devices have been improved in the last few years, and the reasons for the improvements have been successfully explained, the origin of the narrow emission spectra of PeNCs have not been studied much. Here, the factors that affect the width of the emission spectra of PeNCs are analyzed with controlled synthesis and surface passivation treatment. The overall spectra are governed by the size of PeNCs; however, the width could be narrowed by surface passivation treatment. The anion passivation effect of the surface passivation improved most of optoelectronic properties, but had less effect on the emission spectra width. The narrower emission spectra of PeNCs are obtained by ligand passivation effect of the surface passivation. Light emitting devices with enhanced optoelectronic properties are successfully fabricated and narrow (0.094 eV, 16.72 nm) blue electroluminescence emission spectra (∼470 nm) are obtained.