Relieving immunosuppression during long-term anti-angiogenesis therapy using photodynamic therapy and oxygen delivery†
Angiogenesis is an irreplaceable therapeutic cancer target, where anti-angiogenesis are drugs that are limited by their hydrophobicity and low therapeutic effects. What is more, the long-term shutdown of tumor blood vessel density also aggravates hypoxia and causes immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment (TME). In order to solve these shortcomings, we developed a single therapeutic agent based on a bovine serum albumin nanocarrier that can co-deliver the anti-angiogenic drug Sorafenib (“S”) and the photosensitizer Ce6 (“C”) along with a molecular oxygen supply based on MnO2 (“M”) as a convenient one-pot formulated nanoscale agent (SCM@BSA). Compared with anti-angiogenesis monotherapy, SCM@BSA can not only improve upon the solubility and therapeutic effects of anti-angiogenesis agents, but it also reshapes the immunosuppressive TME during anti-angiogenic therapy. Together, these results point out that SCM@BSA synthesized via a very simple method can solve the shortcomings usually experienced during long-term anti-angiogenic therapy.