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Optimizing the structural design of a nanocomposite catalyst layer for PEM fuel cells for improving mass-specific power density

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Abstract

For the purpose of redesigning a PEM fuel cell with ultralow Pt loading, this review comprehensively summarizes and comments on recent important findings on ultrathin catalyst layer structures. We introduce recent advances in electrocatalyst research and development (R&D), highlighting the urgency of ultralow Pt loading in the total design of PEM fuel cells. Following that, the reason for a thinner and more ordered electrode structure is presented for the next generation of PEM fuel cells. We then review recent progress in methods for preparing Pt nanoparticles on high-aspect-ratio supports, extended surface area of nanowires (confined agglomerates and nanowires) and ordered arrays. Regarding the ordered arrays, we expatiate on proton conductor arrays and electron conductor arrays, including carbon nanotube-assisted arrays, TiO2 nanotube-assisted arrays, Co-OH-CO3 nanowire-assisted arrays, and pigment red 149-assisted arrays. Challenges related to proton transport and transfer, electron conduction and mass transport are then discussed to supply further research direction.

Graphical abstract: Optimizing the structural design of a nanocomposite catalyst layer for PEM fuel cells for improving mass-specific power density

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Article information


Submitted
26 Mar 2020
Accepted
08 May 2020
First published
11 May 2020

Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

Optimizing the structural design of a nanocomposite catalyst layer for PEM fuel cells for improving mass-specific power density

J. Hou, M. Yang, C. Ke, G. Wei and J. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0NR02421J

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