A Direct Z-Scheme PtS2/Arsenene van der Waals Heterostructure with High Photocatalytic Water Splitting Efficiency
To overcome current serious energy and environmental issues, photocatalytic water splitting holds great promise because it requires only solar energy as energy input to produce hydrogen. In this work, based on first-principle calculations, we studied the van der Waals heterostructure formed by PtS2 and arsenene (Are) monolayers that have been successfully synthesized with large scale and high quality. From analysis of the migration paths of photoinduced electrons and holes, a direct Z-scheme photocatalytic mechanism is demonstrated in this heterostructure. Furthermore, the PtS2/Are direct Z-scheme heterostructure has decent band edge positions to promote the redox reaction to decompose the water at pH 0. The interfacial charge difference and potential drop were presented, which further support the formation of direct Z-scheme photocatalyst. More importantly, the PtS2/Are heterostructure has a quite high solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency (44.86%), significantly enhanced comparing with isolated PtS2 (12.67%) and Are (10.34%) monolayers. This direct Z-scheme PtS2/Are heterostructure with excellent STH efficiency suggests its promising application as photocatalyst for water splitting.