Elemental red phosphorus-based materials for photocatalytic water purification and hydrogen production
Semiconductor-based photocatalysis is a renewable and sustainable technology to solve global environmental pollution and energy shortage problems. It is essential to exploit highly efficient photocatalyst materials. Recently, Earth-abundant elemental red phosphorus (RP) with broader light-harvesting and appropriate band structure characteristics has been widely studied in photocatalysis. In this review, the crystal and electronic structures of RP (e.g., amorphous, Hittorf's and fibrous phosphorus) materials are firstly summarized along with the current advancement in the synthesis strategies of RP and RP-based materials in photocatalysis accompanied by a thorough discussion of the applications of RP-based materials in photocatalytic pollutant degradation, bacterial inactivation, and water splitting. Finally, this review also offers some guidance and perspectives for the future design of efficient visible-light-driven photocatalysts.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles