Substrate induced strain for on-surface transformation and synthesis
The intermolecular strain has long been used to steer and promote chemical reactions towards desired products in wet chemical synthesis. However, similar protocols have not been adopted for the on-surface synthesis on solid substrates due to the complexity of reaction processes. Recent advances in the sub-molecular resolution with scanning probe microscopy allow us to capture the on-surface reaction pathways and to bring substantial insights into the role of strain in chemical reactions. The primary focus of this review is to highlight the recent findings on strain-induced on-surface reactions. Such substrate-induced processes can be applied to alter the chemical reactivity and to drive on-surface chemical reactions in different manners, which provides a promising alternative approach for on-surface synthesis. This review aims to shed light on the utilization of substrate-induced strain for on-surface transformation and synthesis of atomically-precise novel functional nanomaterials.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles