Toward enhanced photocatalytic activity of graphite carbon nitride through rational design of noble metal-free dual cocatalysts†
The g-C3N4-MoS2-M(OH)x ternary heterostructures were designed and fabricated for the first time. The embedding of noble-metal-free MoS2-M(OH)x dual cocatalysts over g-C3N4 nanosheets led to obvious synergistic effect for improving the transport as well as utilization efficiency of photo-generated charge carriers. Consequently, the optimal ternary heterostructure (g-C3N4-MoS2-Ni(OH)2) exhibited photocatalytic hydrogen production activity 4.5 times larger than the sum of the photocatalytic HER activity of g-C3N4-MoS2 and g-C3N4-Ni(OH)2. More significantly, even in the absence of the sacrificial agent, the g-C3N4-MoS2-Ni(OH)2 ternary heterostructure exhibited a photocatalytic HER activity of 0.3 mmol h−1 g−1 with considerable H2O2 production under UV-visible light.