Flexible 3D Carbon Cloth as the High-performed Electrode for Energy Storage and Conversion
High−performed energy storage and conversion devices with high energy density, power density and long−term cycling life are of great importance in current consuming electronics, portable electronics and electric vehicles. Carbon materials have been widely investigated and utilized in various energy storage and conversion devices due to their excellent conductivity, mechanical and chemical stability and low cost. Abundant of excellent reviews have summarized the newest progress and future outlooks for most of the current prime carbon materials in energy storage and conversion devices, such as carbon nanotubes, fullerene, graphene, porous carbon and carbon fibers. However, the significance of three−dimensional (3D) commercial carbon cloth (CC), one of the key carbon materials with outstanding mechanical stability, high conductivity and flexibility, in energy storage and conversion field, especially in wearable electronics and flexible devices, has not been systematically summarized yet. In this review article, we make a careful investigation of flexible CC on energy storage and conversion fields. We first give a general introduction to the common properties of CC and the roles it played in energy storage and conversion systems. Then we meticulously investigate the crucial role of CC in typical electrochemical energy storage systems, including lithium−ion batteries, sodium−ion batteries, lithium−sulfur batteries and supercapacitors. Followed by exposing the wide application of CC in electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution, oxygen evolution/reduction and full−water splitting etc, we will give a brief introduction of CC in photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical induced solar energy conversion and storage areas. The review will end up with a brief summary on the typical superiorities that CC owned in current energy conversion and storage systems, as well as some perspectives and outlooks on its future applications in the fields. Our main interest will focus on the CC−based flexible devices due to the inherent superiority of CC and the increasing demands for flexible and wearable electronics.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles