Printable CsPbBr3 perovskite quantum dot ink for coffee ring-free fluorescent microarrays using inkjet printing†
Printable perovskite quantum dot (QD) ink is very important for achieving high quality coffee ring-free fluorescent microarrays for different kinds of emerging perovskite optoelectronic applications using inkjet printing. In this work, we prepared a printable CsPbBr3 perovskite QD ink by mixing high-boiling point dodecane with low-boiling point toluene as a solvent. The evaporation rate, viscosity and surface tension of the ink were carefully optimized by tuning the volume ratio of these two solvents for forming appropriate Marangoni flow, so as to balance the capillary flow and eliminate the coffee ring effect further. Successfully, CsPbBr3 perovskite microarrays with uniform surface, low roughness and no coffee rings were achieved by inkjet printing the optimized perovskite QD ink on a PVK (poly-(9-vinylcarbazole)) layer. Furthermore, we patterned the CsPbBr3 perovskite QD ink, and the printed patterns were only visible under ultraviolet (UV) light, which can be applied in invisible anti-counterfeiting labels and encryption in the future.