Nanoscale boron carbonitride semiconductors for photoredox catalysis
The conversion of solar energy to chemical energy achieved by photocatalysts comprising homogeneous transition-metal based systems, organic dyes, or semiconductors has received significant attention in recent years. Among these photocatalysts, boron carbon nitride (BCN) materials, as an emerging class of metal-free heterogeneous semiconductors, have extended the scope of photocatalysts due to their good performance and Earth abundance. The combination of boron (B), carbon (C), and nitrogen (N) constitutes a ternary system with large surface area and abundant activity sites, which together contribute to the good performance for reduction reactions, oxidation reactions and orchestrated both reduction and oxidation reactions. This Minireview reports the methods for the synthesis of nanoscale hexagonal boron carbonitride (h-BCN) and describes the latest advances in the application of h-BCN materials as semiconductor photocatalysts for sustainable photosynthesis, such as water splitting, reduction of CO2, acceptorless dehydrogenation, oxidation of sp3 C–H bonds, and sp2 C–H functionalization. h-BCN materials may have potential for applications in other organic transformations and industrial manufacture in the future.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles