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Wound dressings functionalized with silver nanoparticles: promises and pitfalls

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Abstract

Infections are the main reason why most people die from burns and diabetic wounds. The clinical challenge for treating wound infections through traditional antibiotics has been growing steadily and has now reached a critical status requiring a paradigm shift for improved chronic wound care. The US Centers for Disease Control have predicted more deaths from antimicrobial-resistant bacteria than from all types of cancers combined by 2050. Thus, the development of new wound dressing materials that do not rely on antibiotics is of paramount importance. Currently, incorporating nanoparticles into scaffolds represents a new concept of ‘nanoparticle dressing’ which has gained considerable attention for wound healing. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) have been categorized as metal-based nanoparticles and are intriguing materials for wound healing because of their excellent antimicrobial properties. Ag-NPs embedded in wound dressing polymers promote wound healing and control microorganism growth. However, there have been several recent disadvantages of using Ag-NPs to fight infections, such as bacterial resistance. This review highlights the therapeutic approaches of using wound dressings functionalized with Ag-NPs and their potential role in revolutionizing wound healing. Moreover, the physiology of the skin and wounds is discussed to place the use of Ag-NPs in wound care into perspective.

Graphical abstract: Wound dressings functionalized with silver nanoparticles: promises and pitfalls

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Article information


Submitted
24 Sep 2019
Accepted
11 Dec 2019
First published
13 Dec 2019

Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

Wound dressings functionalized with silver nanoparticles: promises and pitfalls

K. Kalantari, E. Mostafavi, A. M. Afifi, Z. Izadiyan, H. Jahangirian, R. Rafiee-Moghaddam and T. J. Webster, Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NR08234D

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