Natural product C-glycosyltransferases – a scarcely characterised enzymatic activity with biotechnological potential†
Covering: up to 2020
C-Glycosyltransferases are enzymes that catalyse the transfer of sugar molecules to carbon atoms in substituted aromatic rings of a variety of natural products. The resulting β-C-glycosidic bond is more stable in vivo than most O-glycosidic bonds, hence offering an attractive modulation of a variety of compounds with multiple biological activities. While C-glycosylated natural products have been known for centuries, our knowledge of corresponding C-glycosyltransferases is scarce. Here, we discuss commonalities and differences in the known C-glycosyltransferases, review attempts to leverage them as synthetic biocatalysts, and discuss current challenges and limitations in their research and application.