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Total synthesis of alkaloids using both chemical and biochemical methods

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Abstract

Covering: 2000 to 2019

Rapid access to genomic data has facilitated the identification of the biosynthetic enzyme genes of alkaloid natural products and elucidation of their biosynthetic pathways. Enzymes for the rapid construction of molecular scaffolds and versatile modifications during the late-stage biosynthesis of complex molecular skeletons constitute unique features of biosynthetic machineries. For example, enzymes involved in an alkaloid biosynthesis. In this review, we discuss three types of useful enzymes and enzymatic reactions that have been found in the biosynthetic studies of several alkaloids, and discuss their applications for the total synthesis of natural alkaloids and their derivatives. The selected examples include a single non-ribosomal peptide synthetase SfmC that catalyzes key Pictet–Spengler reactions, which construct a characteristic tetrahydroisoquinoline skeleton in antitumor antibiotics such as saframycin, prenylation–oxidative modification enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of fungal tremorgenic mycotoxins such as penitrem as well as versatile Diels-Alderases recently discovered in the biosynthesis of plant monoterpene indole alkaloids of iboga and aspidosperma type.

Graphical abstract: Total synthesis of alkaloids using both chemical and biochemical methods

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Article information


Submitted
21 Dec 2019
First published
06 Mar 2020

Nat. Prod. Rep., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

Total synthesis of alkaloids using both chemical and biochemical methods

R. Tanifuji, A. Minami, H. Oguri and H. Oikawa, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NP00073A

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