Selective targeting of the DEAD-box RNA helicase eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4A by natural products
Covering: up to 2019
Pharmacological targeting of eukaryotic mRNA translation initiation is a promising approach for cancer therapy, since several signaling pathways that are commonly deregulated during tumor progression converge on this process. The DEAD-box helicase, eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4A, is essential for translation initiation and facilitates the loading of the 43S pre-initiation complex onto mRNAs. Hippuristanol, rocaglates, and pateamine A are natural products that each target eIF4A by interfering with the helicase's RNA-binding activity in distinct manners. They exert a selective change in gene expression that results in potent anti-tumorigenic activity in pre-clinical studies. This review will provide an update on the molecular mechanisms of action of these natural products.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Targeting and extending the eukaryotic druggable genome with natural products