Current biochemical understanding regarding the metabolism of acinetobactin, the major siderophore of the human pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii, and outlook for discovery of novel anti-infectious agents based thereon†
Covering: 1994 to 2019
Owing to the rapid increase in nosocomial infections by antibiotic-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and the paucity of effective treatment options for such infections, interest in the virulence factors involved in its successful dissemination and propagation in the human host have escalated in recent years. Acinetobacin, a siderophore of A. baumannii, is responsible for iron acquisition under nutritional depravation and has been shown to be one of the key virulence factors for this bacterium. In this Highlight, recent findings regarding various chemical and biological aspects of acinetobactin metabolism closely related to the fitness of A. baumannii at the infection sites have been described. In addition, several notable efforts for identifying novel anti-infectious agents based thereon have been discussed.