From dolastatin 13 to cyanopeptolins, micropeptins, and lyngbyastatins: the chemical biology of Ahp-cyclodepsipeptides†
Covering: 1989 up to 2019
Ahp-cyclodepsipeptides (also known as Ahp-containing cyclodepsipeptides, cyanopeptolins, micropeptins, microginines, and lyngbyastatins, and by many other names) are a family of non-ribosomal peptide synthesis (NRPS)-derived natural products with potent serine protease inhibitory properties. Here, we review their isolation and structural elucidation from natural sources as well as studies of their biosynthesis, molecular mode of action, and use in drug discovery efforts. Accordingly, this summary aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art Ahp-cyclodepsipeptide research.