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A simple and sensitive fluorescent sensor platform for Al3+ sensing in aqueous media and monitoring through combined PET and ESIPT mechanisms: practical applications in drinking water and bio-imaging

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Abstract

In this study, a novel hydrazide-based compound, (E)-N′-(5-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxybenzylidene)furan-2-carbohydrazide (probe BOTH) was designed, characterized and prepared as a fluorogenic “turn-on” sensor for monitoring Al3+ in near-perfect aqueous media. All emission and absorbance spectral studies were performed in HEPES/DMSO (v/v, 99.95/0.05, pH = 7.0) media at 25 °C. The quantum yield of probe BOTH increases considerably in the presence of Al3+. Probe BOTH could sense Al3+ at a concentration as low as 6.47 nM. Probe BOTH could sense Al3+ with high sensitivity and selectivity, and a quantitative correlation of R2 = 0.9887 in the Al3+ concentration range of 0.0–20.0 equiv. To evaluate the method parameters, a validation study was performed based on different analytical parameters. The formation of complex BOTH–Al3+ (2 : 1 stoichiometry) was confirmed by 1H-NMR titration and MALDI-TOF MS, as well as Job's methods. pH-Dependent and Benesi–Hildebrand plot studies also supported this proposed sensing mechanism. Besides, the binding mechanism of Al3+ with probe BOTH was further verified by theoretical studies. Moreover, probe BOTH could be used for monitoring Al3+ in living-cells and water samples.

Graphical abstract: A simple and sensitive fluorescent sensor platform for Al3+ sensing in aqueous media and monitoring through combined PET and ESIPT mechanisms: practical applications in drinking water and bio-imaging

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
17 May 2020
Accepted
19 Jun 2020
First published
19 Jun 2020

New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

A simple and sensitive fluorescent sensor platform for Al3+ sensing in aqueous media and monitoring through combined PET and ESIPT mechanisms: practical applications in drinking water and bio-imaging

D. Aydin, I. B. Gunay, S. N. Karuk Elmas, T. Savran, F. N. Arslan, G. Sadi and I. Yilmaz, New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0NJ02487B

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