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β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanorods@1T/2H-MoS2 for 980 nm NIR-triggered photocatalytic bactericidal properties

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Abstract

A β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanorods@1T/2H-MoS2 nanocomposite was fabricated and used for photocatalytic sterilization under illumination from single near-infrared (NIR) light. Approximately 99.3% of Escherichia coli were killed effectively by 15 min irradiation of NIR light at a dose of 40 μg mL−1. The effective bactericidal activity is ascribed to the high upconversion luminescence efficiency of β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd and the layered two-dimensional nanosheet structure of 1T/2H-MoS2. Under 980 nm light irradiation, β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd emits visible light, which is absorbed by MoS2, producing strongly oxidative holes and reductive electrons. Photogenerated electron–hole pairs were able to react with H2O, O2 and OH to produce reactive species in aqueous solution. These reactive species are strong nonselective oxidizing agents for sterilization.

Graphical abstract: β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanorods@1T/2H-MoS2 for 980 nm NIR-triggered photocatalytic bactericidal properties

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
21 Feb 2020
Accepted
24 Jun 2020
First published
28 Jun 2020

New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

β-NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanorods@1T/2H-MoS2 for 980 nm NIR-triggered photocatalytic bactericidal properties

Y. Qiao, X. Zhou, H. Geng, L. Sun, D. Zhen and Q. Cai, New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0NJ00908C

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