A Cu-BTC metal–organic framework (MOF) as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the aerobic oxidative synthesis of imines from primary amines under solvent free conditions†
A Cu-BTC (MOF-199) [copper(II)-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate] catalyst has been synthesized and evaluated for imine synthesis from amine compounds under neat conditions. The performance of the Cu-BTC MOF was significantly higher than that of the CuO supported on Al2O3, TiO2 and SiO2 catalysts. The role of surface Lewis acid sites on the catalyst in the formation of imine products was illustrated by the pyridine-IR studies. The recovered Cu-BTC catalyst demonstrated consistent activity for five cycles under similar experimental conditions. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were analyzed by XRD, BET-SA, FT-IR, UV-DRS, SEM, TEM, XPS and pyridine adsorbed DRIFT spectroscopy.