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A photoelectrochemical aptasensor for the detection of 17β-estradiol based on In2S3 and CdS co-sensitized cerium doped TiO2

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Abstract

In this work, a photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor for the detection of 17β-estradiol (E2) based on an In2S3 and CdS co-sensitized cerium (Ce) doped TiO2 (Ce:TiO2) electrode was constructed successfully. In2S3 with superior properties, such as narrow band gap, attractive photoelectric conversion efficiency, hypotoxicity and low pollution, could act as a promising material in the PEC sensing detection field. Here, a PEC aptasensor based on In2S3 was fabricated for the detection of E2. Besides, Ce doped into TiO2 introduced a new intrinsic energy band into TiO2, which created an easier electron transfer path. In2S3 and CdS co-loaded on Ce:TiO2 not only improved the photocurrent response but also expanded the light absorption range. Meanwhile, an aptamer with a specific sequence, serving as a recognition unit, was used to specifically bind with E2 to enable detection. Under optimal conditions, the as-prepared aptasensor exhibited a linearity range of 10−5–100 ng mL−1 with a detection limit of 4.0 fg mL−1. The aptasensor also showed satisfactory selectivity, stability and acceptable reproducibility.

Graphical abstract: A photoelectrochemical aptasensor for the detection of 17β-estradiol based on In2S3 and CdS co-sensitized cerium doped TiO2

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Oct 2019, accepted on 16 Nov 2019 and first published on 28 Nov 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ05435A
New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article

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    A photoelectrochemical aptasensor for the detection of 17β-estradiol based on In2S3 and CdS co-sensitized cerium doped TiO2

    Y. Li, R. Xu, D. Wei, R. Feng, D. Fan, N. Zhang and Q. Wei, New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ05435A

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