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Issue 11, 2020

High power Na3V2(PO4)3 symmetric full cell for sodium-ion batteries

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Abstract

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are a viable substitute for lithium-ion batteries due to the low cost and wide availability of sodium. However, practical applications require the development of fast charging sodium-ion-based full-cells with high power densities. Na3V2(PO4)3 (NVP) is a bipolar material with excellent characteristics as both a cathode and an anode material in SIBs. Designing symmetric cells with NVP results in a single voltage plateau with significant specific capacity which is ideal for a full cell. Here we demonstrate for the first time a tremendous improvement in the performance of NVP symmetric full cells by introducing an ether-based electrolyte which favors fast reaction kinetics. In a symmetric full cell configuration, 75.5% of the initial capacity was retained even after 4000 cycles at 2 A g−1, revealing ultra-long cyclability. Excellent rate performances were obtained at current densities as high as 1000C, based on the cathode mass, revealing ultrafast Na+ transfer. The power density obtained for this NVP symmetric cell (48 250 W kg−1) is the best among those of all the sodium-ion-based full cells reported to date.

Graphical abstract: High power Na3V2(PO4)3 symmetric full cell for sodium-ion batteries

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Aug 2020
Accepted
26 Sep 2020
First published
20 Oct 2020

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2020,2, 5166-5170
Article type
Communication

High power Na3V2(PO4)3 symmetric full cell for sodium-ion batteries

M. K. Sadan, A. K. Haridas, H. Kim, C. Kim, G. Cho, K. Cho, J. Ahn and H. Ahn, Nanoscale Adv., 2020, 2, 5166 DOI: 10.1039/D0NA00729C

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further permissions from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given.

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