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Issue 11, 2020
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Therapeutic nanodendrites: current applications and prospects

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Abstract

Multidisciplinary efforts in the field of nanomedicine for cancer therapy to provide solutions to common limitations of traditional drug administration such as poor bioaccumulation, hydrophobicity, and nonspecific biodistribution and targeting have registered very promising progress thus far. Currently, a new class of metal nanostructures possessing a unique dendritic-shaped morphology has been designed for improved therapeutic efficiency. Branched metal nanoparticles or metal nanodendrites are credited to present promising characteristics for biomedical applications owing to their unique physicochemical, optical, and electronic properties. Nanodendrites can enhance the loading efficiency of bioactive molecules due to their three-dimensional (3D) high surface area and can selectively deliver their cargo to tumor cells using their stimuli-responsive properties. With the ability to accumulate sufficiently within cells, nanodendrites can overcome the detection and clearance by glycoproteins. Moreover, active targeting ligands such as antibodies and proteins can as well be attached to these therapeutic nanodendrites to enhance specific tumor targeting, thereby presenting a multifunctional nanoplatform with tunable strategies. This mini-review focuses on recent developments in the understanding of metallic nanodendrite synthesis, formation mechanism, and their therapeutic capabilities for next-generation cancer therapy. Finally, the challenges and future opportunities of these fascinating materials to facilitate extensive research endeavors towards the design and application were discussed.

Graphical abstract: Therapeutic nanodendrites: current applications and prospects

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Article information


Submitted
13 Aug 2020
Accepted
03 Oct 2020
First published
05 Oct 2020

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2020,2, 5152-5165
Article type
Minireview

Therapeutic nanodendrites: current applications and prospects

A. O. Oladipo, T. T. I. Nkambule, B. B. Mamba and T. A. M. Msagati, Nanoscale Adv., 2020, 2, 5152
DOI: 10.1039/D0NA00672F

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