A high performance N-doped graphene nanoribbon based spintronic device applicable with a wide range of adatoms†
Designing and fabricating nanosize spintronic devices is a crucial task to develop information technology of the future. However, most of the introduced spin filters suffer from several limitations including difficulty in manipulating the spin current, incapability in utilizing a wide range of dopants to provide magnetism, or obstacles in their experimental realization. Here, by employing first principles calculations, we introduce a structurally simple and functionally efficient spin filter device composed of a zigzag graphene nanoribbon (ZGNR) with an embedded nitrogenated divacancy. We show that the proposed system, possessing a robust ferromagnetic (FM) ordering, exhibits perfect half metallic behavior in the absence of frequently used transition metals (TMs). Our calculations also show that the suggested system is compatible with a wide range of adatoms including basic metals, metalloids, and TMs. It means that besides d electron magnetism originating from TMs, p electrons of incorporated elements of the main group can also cause half metallicity in the electronic structure of the introduced system. Our system exploiting the robustness of doping-induced FM ordering would be beneficial for promising multifunctional spin filter devices.