Ultrafast lattice and electronic dynamics in single-walled carbon nanotubes†
Understanding the photoinduced ultrafast structural transitions and electronic dynamics in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is important for the development of SWCNT-based optoelectronic devices. In this study, we conducted femtosecond-resolved electron diffraction and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) measurements on SWCNTs using ultrafast transmission electron microscopy. The experimental results demonstrated that dominant time constants of the dynamic processes were ∼1.4 ps for electron-driven lattice expansion, ∼17.4 ps for thermal phonon-driven lattice expansion associated with electron–phonon coupling. The time-resolved EELS measurements clearly revealed a notable red shift of plasmon peaks by ∼100 meV upon femtosecond laser excitation. Different features of charge carrier excitation and relaxation were carefully discussed in correlation with the lattice dynamics and photoinduced absorption signals of SWCNTs. Our results provide a comprehensive understanding of the ultrafast dynamics in SWCNTs and powerful techniques to characterize the dynamics of low-dimensional structures.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Nanoscale Advances HOT Article Collection