Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Radical enhancement of molecular thermoelectric efficiency

Author affiliations

Abstract

There is a worldwide race to find materials with high thermoelectric efficiency to convert waste heat to useful energy in consumer electronics and server farms. Here, we propose a radically new method to enhance simultaneously the electrical conductance and thermopower and suppress heat transport through ultra-thin materials formed by single radical molecules. This leads to a significant enhancement of room temperature thermoelectric efficiency. The proposed strategy utilises the formation of transport resonances due to singly occupied spin orbitals in radical molecules. This enhances the electrical conductance by a couple of orders of magnitude in molecular junctions formed by nitroxide radicals compared to the non-radical counterpart. It also increases the Seebeck coefficient to high values of 200 μV K−1. Consequently, the power factor increases by more than two orders of magnitude. In addition, the asymmetry and destructive phonon interference that was induced by the stable organic radical side group significantly decreases the phonon thermal conductance. The enhanced power factor and suppressed thermal conductance in the nitroxide radical lead to the significant enhancement of room temperature ZT to values ca. 0.8. Our result confirms the great potential of stable organic radicals to form ultra-thin film thermoelectric materials with unprecedented thermoelectric efficiency.

Graphical abstract: Radical enhancement of molecular thermoelectric efficiency

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Oct 2019
Accepted
21 Jan 2020
First published
26 Jan 2020

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Communication

Radical enhancement of molecular thermoelectric efficiency

S. Sangtarash and H. Sadeghi, Nanoscale Adv., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NA00649D

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements