Development of a 96-well plate sample preparation method for integrated N- and O-glycomics using porous graphitized carbon liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry†
Changes in glycosylation signatures of cells have been associated with pathological processes in cancer as well as infectious and autoimmune diseases. The current protocols for comprehensive analysis of N-glycomics and O-glycomics derived from cells and tissues often require a large amount of biological material. They also only allow the processing of very limited numbers of samples at a time. Here we established a workflow for sequential release of N-glycans and O-glycans based on PVDF membrane immobilization in 96-well format from 5 × 105 cells. Released glycans are reduced, desalted, purified, and reconstituted, all in 96-well format plates, without additional staining or derivatization. Glycans are then analyzed with porous graphitized carbon nano-liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry using negative-mode electrospray ionization, enabling the chromatographic resolution and structural elucidation of glycan species including many compositional isomers. The approach was demonstrated using glycoprotein standards and further applied to analyze the glycosylation of the murine mammary gland NMuMG cell line. The developed protocol allows the analysis of N- and O-glycans from relatively large numbers of samples in a less time consuming way with high repeatability. Inter- and intraday repeatability of the fetuin N-glycan analysis showed two median intraday coefficients of variations (CVs) of 7.6% and 8.0%, and a median interday CV of 9.8%. Median CVs of 7.9% and 8.7% for the main peaks of N- and O-glycans released from the NMuMG cell line indicate a very good repeatability. The method is applicable to purified glycoproteins as well as to biofluids and cell- or tissue-based samples.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Glycomics & Glycoproteomics: From Analytics to Function