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Lignin-based smart materials: a roadmap to processing and synthesis for current and future applications

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Abstract

Biomass-derived materials are green alternatives to synthetic plastics and other fossil-based materials. Lignin, an aromatic plant polymer, is one of the most appealing renewable material precursors for smart materials capable of responding to different stimuli. Here we review lignin-based smart materials, a research field that has seen a rapid growth during the last five years. We describe the main processing and chemical synthesis routes available for the fabrication of lignin-based smart materials, and focus on their use as sensors, biomedical systems, and shape-programmable materials. In addition to benchmarking their performance to the state of the art fossil counterparts, we identify challenges and future opportunities for the development of lignin-based smart materials towards new high-performance applications.

Graphical abstract: Lignin-based smart materials: a roadmap to processing and synthesis for current and future applications

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Article information


Submitted
13 May 2020
Accepted
22 Jun 2020
First published
22 Jun 2020

This article is Open Access

Mater. Horiz., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

Lignin-based smart materials: a roadmap to processing and synthesis for current and future applications

A. Moreno and M. H. Sipponen, Mater. Horiz., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0MH00798F

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