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Radiosynthesis and evaluation of 4-(6-[18F]Fluoro-4-(5-isopropoxy-1H-indazol-3-yl)pyridin-2-yl)morpholine as a novel radiotracer candidate targeting leucine-rich repeat kinase 2

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Abstract

Mutations that increase leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) activity in the brain are associated with Parkinson's disease. Here, we synthesized a novel compound 4-(6-fluoro-4-(5-isopropoxy-1H-indazol-3-yl)pyridin-2-yl)morpholine (FIPM) and labeled it with fluorine-18 (18F), to develop a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for in vivo visualization of LRRK2 in the brain. FIPM showed high in vitro binding affinity for LRRK2 (IC50 = 8.0 nM). [18F]FIPM was prepared in 5% radiochemical yield (n = 5), by inserting 18F into a pyridine ring, followed by removal of the protecting group. After HPLC separation and formulation, [18F]FIPM was acquired with >97% radiochemical purity and 103–300 GBq μmol−1 of molar activity at the end of radiosynthesis. Biodistribution and small-animal PET studies in mice indicated a low in vivo specific binding of [18F]FIPM. While [18F]FIPM presented limited potential as an in vivo PET tracer for LRRK2, we suggested that it can be used as a lead compound for developing new radiotracers with improved in vivo brain properties.

Graphical abstract: Radiosynthesis and evaluation of 4-(6-[18F]Fluoro-4-(5-isopropoxy-1H-indazol-3-yl)pyridin-2-yl)morpholine as a novel radiotracer candidate targeting leucine-rich repeat kinase 2

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Article information


Submitted
23 Dec 2019
Accepted
04 May 2020
First published
19 May 2020

RSC Med. Chem., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Research Article

Radiosynthesis and evaluation of 4-(6-[18F]Fluoro-4-(5-isopropoxy-1H-indazol-3-yl)pyridin-2-yl)morpholine as a novel radiotracer candidate targeting leucine-rich repeat kinase 2

W. Mori, T. Yamasaki, Y. Hattori, Y. Zhang, K. Kumata, M. Fujinaga, M. Hanyu, N. Nengaki, H. Zhang and M. Zhang, RSC Med. Chem., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9MD00590K

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