Challenges and Approaches Towards Upscaling Assembly of Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells
In recent times, the next generation of photovoltaic technologies accept perovskite solar cells (PSCs) as a different auspicious applicant because of their persistently developed efficiencies that achieve much solicitude from both the scientific and industrial societies. Even if PSCs are dignified toward commercial world through the photovoltaic module scale, significant challenges confusing industrialization remain. The recent efficiency of the solution-processed PSCs reach over 25% on lab-scale. However, a reproducible allocation to upscaling techniques of these processes still requires a highly controllable perovskite film formation. Herein, the current review based on the practical market potential of PSCs, challenges, and approaches on large-area scale PSCs module, through the different functional materials in device architecture. Different coating systems like blade, slot-die and spray coating as well as printing pathways like those that screen, inkjet, and gravure printing; besides vacuum deposition and laser patterning methods used widely as substitutions of spin coating towards the developing of PSC scale-up with large-area.