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Issue 20, 2020
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Rapid and inexpensive microfluidic electrode integration with conductive ink

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Abstract

Electrode integration significantly increases the versatility of droplet microfluidics, enabling label-free sensing and manipulation at a single-droplet (single-cell) resolution. However, common fabrication techniques for integrating electronics into microfluidics are expensive, time-consuming, and can require cleanroom facilities. Here, we present a simple and cost-effective method for integrating electrodes into thermoplastic microfluidic chips using an off-the-shelf conductive ink. The developed conductive ink electrodes cost less than $10 for an entire chip, have been shown here in channel geometries as small as 75 μm by 50 μm, and can go from fabrication to testing within a day without a cleanroom. The geometric fabrication limits of this technique were explored over time, and proof-of-concept microfluidic devices for capacitance sensing, droplet merging, and droplet sorting were developed. This novel method complements existing rapid prototyping systems for microfluidics such as micromilling, laser cutting, and 3D printing, enabling their wider use and application.

Graphical abstract: Rapid and inexpensive microfluidic electrode integration with conductive ink

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Article information


Submitted
28 Jul 2020
Accepted
01 Sep 2020
First published
01 Sep 2020

Lab Chip, 2020,20, 3690-3695
Article type
Communication

Rapid and inexpensive microfluidic electrode integration with conductive ink

D. McIntyre, A. Lashkaripour and D. Densmore, Lab Chip, 2020, 20, 3690
DOI: 10.1039/D0LC00763C

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