Determination of uranium in ores using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy combined with laser-induced fluorescence
The plasma emission spectrum of uranium in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is weak and susceptible to spectral interference, especially in a complex ore matrix. In this study, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy combined with laser-induced fluorescence (LIBS-LIF) technology was proposed to enhance the spectral intensity of uranium in ores and eliminate spectral interference. Different combinations of excitation lines and analytical lines of the U element were investigated. In contrast with atomic lines, uranium ion lines are more suitable for determination of uranium. The relative number of U ions in plasma was studied for the best selection of excitation lines and analytical lines. The analytical performance of LIBS-LIF and LIBS for U determination in ores was compared. The results showed that all indicators had been significantly improved by LIBS-LIF. The slope, R2, LoD, RMSECV, ARE, and ARSD values of LIBS-LIF were 1.1 × 105 counts per wt%, 0.998, 35 μg g−1, 0.05 wt%, 6.69%, and 6.37%, respectively. This work demonstrates that LIBS-LIF has excellent potential in the exploration of uranium resources.