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Acanthopanax senticosus aqueous extract ameliorates ovariectomy-induced bone loss in middle-aged mice by inhibiting the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis

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Abstract

Acanthopanax senticosus (Ciwujia) has broad-spectrum pharmacological activities, including osteoprotective effects. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. We investigated whether Acanthopanax senticosus aqueous extract (ASAE) ameliorates ovariectomy-induced bone loss in middle-aged mice through inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. In vitro, ASAE significantly suppressed the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated osteoclast differentiation and formation of F-actin rings by downregulating the expression of the nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), c-Fos, and osteoclastogenesis-related marker genes and proteins, including c-Src, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), cathepsin K, β3-integrin, and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9). This was achieved by inhibiting RANK signaling pathways, including p65, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and p38 in osteoclast precursors. In vivo, ASAE markedly ameliorated bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) middle-aged mice. ASAE significantly inhibited the serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) and RANKL, whereas it increased those of osteocalcin, procollagen 1 N-terminal peptide (P1NP), and osteoprotegerin in OVX mice. ASAE significantly inhibited the OVX-induced expression of osteoclast-specific proteins and genes in the femur. In conclusion, ASAE prevents ovariectomy-induced bone loss in middle-aged mice by inhibiting RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis through suppression of RANK signaling pathways and could be potentially used in mediated treatment of osteoclast-related diseases (e.g., osteoporosis).

Graphical abstract: Acanthopanax senticosus aqueous extract ameliorates ovariectomy-induced bone loss in middle-aged mice by inhibiting the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis

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Article information


Submitted
27 Aug 2020
Accepted
17 Sep 2020
First published
15 Oct 2020

Food Funct., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Acanthopanax senticosus aqueous extract ameliorates ovariectomy-induced bone loss in middle-aged mice by inhibiting the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis

H. Xu, J. Xu, F. Chen, T. Liu, J. Li, L. Jiang, Y. Jia, C. Hu, Z. Gao, C. Gan, L. Hu, X. Wang and J. Sheng, Food Funct., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0FO02251A

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